Articles and Research Papers Archives - Refugee Aware

The Best Ways to Deal with the Refugee Crisis by David Miliband

Ask most refugees what they want most and they will likely say: “To go home.” The long-standing humanitarian aid system was designed for a world where wars between states displaced refugees for short periods of time into refugee camps before they did go home. Today none of these assumptions hold.

Source: The Best Ways to Deal with the Refugee Crisis by David Miliband


Forced Migration and Climate Change: How It Challenges the 1951 Refugee Convention

By Ayodele O. Joseph


Given the rudimental importance of human rights and the protection of human rights and security offered to a countries citizens, it is evident that there exists a clear need to develop and sustain a key set of internationally accepted legal instruments that will guarantee the protection of human rights and also include measures that will assist in handling, monitoring and analyzing the impact that societal changes throughout time, impacts policy designed to enhance and protect the protection of human rights in society.

Whilst there exists legal instruments and international organizations created to manage and protect the ‘natural’ human rights of individuals, it can be argued that in recent years, there has been, what could be argued as an increasing shift away from the protection of these natural human rights, when dealing with the treatment faced by the increasing numbers of ‘those individuals who are labelled as refugees’.

Whilst there has been much written on the effect that forced migration can have on a host country, it is also clear to say that an aspect that has perhaps not been given much attention to is that which relates to the relationship and impact that an environment can have on migration.

This research paper provides a conceptual discussion on the topic of migration, forced migration and climate change and also in conjunction with this, evaluates the challenges presented in conjunction with the 1951 Refugee Convention. This research paper also aims, to explore and discuss various approaches and views on the relationship between migration, forced migration and climate change and also discuss the limitations of the approaches and explores how the deterioration of an environment and environmental degradation can lead to the migration, and in some cases the forced migration of people ultimately as a result of climate change.

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Forced Migration and Climate Change - How It Challenges the 1951 Refugee Convention


Why The World Does Not Need A United Nations Commission for Internally Displaced Persons Now

By Ernest Antwi


There are more IDPs than there are refugees in the world, but the level of attention given to them by the international community is far less than that given to refugees, although both groups share a similar fate. The aftermath of the devastating December 2004 Tsunami in Asia and the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti provide a bleak but accurate picture of the plight of IDPs the world over.

It is for these reasons that the United Nations (UN) and other humanitarian agencies have made IDPs a major concern on their agenda. This effort is however woefully inadequate, as the UN lacks a substantive programme for IDPs and depends largely on ad hoc policies informed by individual authorities on the subjects and the convictions of individuals or individual agencies on the ground. Due to this, there has been some cry for a formal UN organisation that will assume direct responsibility for IDPs.

However, this paper tries to argue that, what the world does not need now is a UN High Commissioner for Internally Displaced Persons (UNHCIDP). Since UNHCR already has the organizational structure, experience and ability, it should be empowered to extend its operations to IDPs formally, until such a time as a commissioner for IDPs would be strong enough to stand on its own.

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The Truth about Dependency Syndrome- A Study of Somali and Liberian Refugees

By Ernest Antwi


In the field of Refugee Studies, there is the theory that when refugees live on hand outs for a long time, they develop a Dependency Syndrome and lose their will and ability to work, earn an income and fend for themselves. This ruins individual and community initiative and development; inhibits local economies and creates a situation of chronic dependency on outside help.

To what extend is this true? What are some of the outside factors that stoke this belief? In trying to answer these questions, this paper compares and contrasts Somali refugees who are said to live primarily on handouts and Liberian refugees in Ghana who are widely believed to be living self-sufficiently without aid handouts.

Have the Somalis really developed Dependency Syndrome although they lack the resources to become self-reliant? How does their ability to devised ingenious methods to cheat and outwit humanitarian aid agencies in order to get more supplies play in the equation? Are the Liberians really self reliant although they rely greatly on the financial support they received from friends and relatives around the world? This paper tries to find out why these differences exist in spite of the fact that our subjects have both been victims of similar circumstances.

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The Truth about Dependency Syndrome- A Study of Somali and Liberian Refugees

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