By Ayodele O. Joseph
Given the rudimental importance of human rights and the protection of human rights and security offered to a countries citizens, it is evident that there exists a clear need to develop and sustain a key set of internationally accepted legal instruments that will guarantee the protection of human rights and also include measures that will assist in handling, monitoring and analyzing the impact that societal changes throughout time, impacts policy designed to enhance and protect the protection of human rights in society.
Whilst there exists legal instruments and international organizations created to manage and protect the ‘natural’ human rights of individuals, it can be argued that in recent years, there has been, what could be argued as an increasing shift away from the protection of these natural human rights, when dealing with the treatment faced by the increasing numbers of ‘those individuals who are labelled as refugees’.
Whilst there has been much written on the effect that forced migration can have on a host country, it is also clear to say that an aspect that has perhaps not been given much attention to is that which relates to the relationship and impact that an environment can have on migration.
This research paper provides a conceptual discussion on the topic of migration, forced migration and climate change and also in conjunction with this, evaluates the challenges presented in conjunction with the 1951 Refugee Convention. This research paper also aims, to explore and discuss various approaches and views on the relationship between migration, forced migration and climate change and also discuss the limitations of the approaches and explores how the deterioration of an environment and environmental degradation can lead to the migration, and in some cases the forced migration of people ultimately as a result of climate change.
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Forced Migration and Climate Change - How It Challenges the 1951 Refugee Convention